Creating a garden is one of the most rewarding and therapeutic activities to engage in. Most veteran gardeners have little trouble creating a new garden. But if you are new to gardening, it can be difficult to know all the processes and procedures.
Prepare the Land
This is clearly the most important step in creating your garden. The first thing in preparing the land is to know what you want to plant. Do you want a herb garden, a vegetable garden, or a flower garden? This determines the type of soil you will create the garden in. It also determines the position the garden will face.
Some plants need partial sunlight; others need full sunlight. When you know the type of plant you will have in the garden, you can determine how you create the shade. The next thing to do is to clear the ground after determining the plant and land location. You need to get rid of all the weeds and sod in the area.
After clearing the land, you need to prepare the planting beds. You have to decide on the size and type of garden beds you will plant in. One of the best beds to use is a raised bed; it is easier to work on, makes your garden attractive, and dries out quickly. It is best to plant in beds or blocks of plants rather than in a single row. There are two methods of preparing plant beds, by using your hand or a rototiller.
After preparing the plant beds, you should carefully pick your plants. Ensure the plants you choose will adapt to the soil, climate, and sunlight. Make sure the beds are about three to four feet across but narrow enough to reach the center from each side. Be careful not to step into the bed. Otherwise, it could be ruined.
It would help if you aimed at maximizing growing space and minimizing walkways. Add soil amendments and fertilizers to the planting area alone, not the entire garden. Start planting slowly, giving each plant enough room to germinate. Make sure the plants are not overcrowded, or they will have difficulty thriving. It is better to have a small, well-tended garden than a large, poorly-tended garden.
Take Care of The Plants
This is another vital process in creating a garden. You need to take proper care of your plants to ensure they grow well. It would help if you never allowed the seedlings to dry out, and you water them daily. The type of soil you have determines how often you should water the plants. Clay soil dries more slowly than sandy soil. In sunny and windy weather conditions, the soil dries out more quickly than in cool and cloudy weather.
Next is to protect your plants from weeds and keep the moisture in. To do this, it is best to cover the soil with some inches of mulch. Doing this will save you time spent watering the soil. It protects the soil from direct sunlight and prevents weeds from growing. Finally, you need to maintain the garden regularly. Water the plants regularly, weed the garden, get rid of insects and pests.
Gardening is one of the few biological activities that can bring out the creativity in a person. The way you set up the garden, the crops you plant, the colors you use all put your creativity to good use.